Issues of immigration, both in-bound (from Central America in particular) and out-bound (largely to the United States, but to many other countries as well), form a part of the electoral debate as well.
News and Analysis:
- 6/18/2012: President Felipe Calderón (PAN) praises U.S. President Barack Obama for immigration shift:
Sitting next to Obama, the Mexican president began his remarks by praising Obama’s recent decision to suspend deportations for some young illegal immigrants.
Calderon called the decision “unprecedented” and said it took “valor and courage.”
- 6/11/2012: Los Angeles, CA-based La Opinion argues that the issue of immigration has been almost completely ignored by the four presidential candidates
- 5/30/2012: Mexican immigrants in Los Angeles open a PRI campaign office in the city
- 5/17/2012: Mexicans living abroad demand better political representation
- 4/2012: The Migration Policy Institute writes on “The 2012 Mexican Presidential Election and Mexican Immigrants of Voting Age in the United States:“
Mexicans living abroad have already begun to plan their participation in Mexico’s presidential election taking place this summer. By February 15, 2012, IFE had received more requests for absentee ballots for the 2012 election than it did in 2006, with around 61,687 absentee ballots requested from over 100 countries (compared to 56,749 in 2006). However, the increase of 4,938 absentee-ballot requests was not a significant improvement given the changes implemented by IFE to facilitate the registration process and increase participation.
As was the case in 2006, most absentee-ballot requests have come from the United States, with the second-largest number of requests coming from Spain.
- 4/25/2012: Mexican President Felipe Calderón (PAN) seeks credit for the drop in migration flows to the United States:
“We are creating opportunities, job opportunities in Mexico, education opportunities for young people, health services and healthcare for the entire nation,” Calderon said in a speech to the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.
- 7/6/2011: The New York Times reports on dropping numbers of undocumented immigrants from Mexico in the United States:
The extraordinary Mexican migration that delivered millions of illegal immigrants to the United States over the past 30 years has sputtered to a trickle, and research points to a surprising cause: unheralded changes in Mexico that have made staying home more attractive.
A growing body of evidence suggests that a mix of developments — expanding economic and educational opportunities, rising border crime and shrinking families — are suppressing illegal traffic as much as economic slowdowns or immigrant crackdowns in the United States.
- 7/6/2011: NPR’s special on Central American migrants:
Every year, hundreds of thousands of migrants illegally cross from Mexico into the United States. Some of them have traveled thousands of miles to reach American soil. The journey, which was always perilous, has become even more dangerous as Mexican drug cartels strengthen their control over the smuggling, kidnapping and extortion of migrants. In 2010, hundreds of migrants went missing or were killed in Mexico. More than 20,000 were kidnapped.
- 5/31/2011: PRD calls for a new immigration institute:
No parece que es urgente resolver la situación de los migrantes en México, que viven una pesadilla, una serie de abusos, de violaciones sistemáticas a sus derechos humanos por las propias autoridades”.
“Se necesita clausurar el Instituto Nacional de Migración corrupto hasta el tuétano y crear un nuevo organismo encargado de hacer valer el derecho de los migrantes, de respetar la vida y su integridad física como lo marca la constitución mexicana”, indicó Dolores Padierna.
- 4/27/2011: Josefina Vázquez Mota (PAN) and other party leaders committed to migrants:
“Mi bancada les dará todos sus votos para que se apruebe ya la Ley de Migración porque es el camino para tener un marco legal más justo. Aunque no es lo único que hay que hacer, es indispensable”, afirmó la coordinadora del PAN, Josefina Vázquez Mota, al recibir a una comisión de migrantes.
- 3/7/2011: PRI in Congress aims to modify immigration law:
La bancada del PRI en la Cámara deDiputados adelantó que para evitar abusos de autoridad, modificarán la minuta de Ley de Migración avalada por el Senado, que actualmente es analizada en comisiones de San Lázaro.
El diputado del Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI) , Fernando Morales, reconoció que si bien el Senado modificó la iniciativa original del Ejecutivo, aún existe preocupación de organizaciones civiles por la posible persecución y criminalización de los migrantes.